Mediterranean bonsai

These are typical Mediterranean trees, they live better outside because they need both the sun and the cold to produce fruit. Most are grown in our fields in Tarragona, the most representative are: olives, citrus and apple.

Cotoneaster sp.

Family

Rosaceae

Origin

Mild regions of Europe, Africa and principally Asia.

Cotoneaster sp.

Characteristics

Small bush or tree with deciduous or permanent leaves depending on the variety. Produces white or pink flowers and its small fruits are of red, yellow, orange and black colour. There exist about 100 varieties.


Place

In zones of Mediterranean climate it can be placed in the exterior during the whole year. In colder zones it’s convenient to protect it against frost.


Irrigation

Abundant in summer and in moderation in winter.


Fertilization

In spring and autumn but not during flowering.

Transplant

Every 2 years, at the beginning of spring.

Substratum

100% Akadama, or a mixture of Akadama with a 20% of volcanic earth.


Pruning and nipping

Pruning

New shoots in spring.

Nipping

When the branch has developed from 6 to 8 leaves, cut the leaves and leave only 2 of them.

Fencing

During the whole year.



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Cotoneaster sp.