Mediterranean bonsai

These are typical Mediterranean trees, they live better outside because they need both the sun and the cold to produce fruit. Most are grown in our fields in Tarragona, the most representative are: olives, citrus and apple.

Pyracantha sp.

Family

Rosaceae

Origin

Europe, Himalaya, central China.

Etymology

“pyros” meaning fire and “acantha” meaning thorn.

Pyracantha sp.

Characteristics

It is an evergreen bonsai of slow growth. It has thorny branches and it is well known for its white flowers blossoming in spring and the vibrant colours of its fruits (from red to yellow) in autumn.


Place

It can be placed outdoors all year round, in direct sunlight during flowering. In summer it should be kept in the shade. It is very resilient to cold weather but it should be protected from freezing conditions.


Irrigation

It needs plenty of humidity. Do not dampen the flowers when watering.


Fertilization

Spring and autumn. It is best not to feed during the flowering period.

Transplant

Every 2 years in spring.

Substratum

100% Akadama or mixed with 20% of volcanic clay.


Pruning and nipping

Pruning

It is carried out at the beginning of spring.

Nipping

After flowering . When the branch has 6 to 8 new pairs of leaves use the tweezers to cut down to 2 pairs.

Fencing

All year round


Curiosities

Pyracantha hedges have been used as stopping bushes. In Spain they are frequently planted in the middle of motorways to cushion cars in the case of an accident and to prevent them from crashing into traffic coming the other way.


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Pyracantha sp.