Outdoor bonsai

These are trees that, by their nature, must be placed outside, ideal for balconies, gardens and terraces

Juniperus chinensis

Family

Cupressaceae

Origin

China, Mongolia and Japan

Etymology

Comes from its primitive name in latin

Juniperus chinensis

Characteristics

Evergreen tree or bush whose leaves take the shape of scales which are similar to the ones of the Cyprus (which is a relative). It grows slowly and belongs to the order of the conifers. There exist a great number of varieties.


Place

Exterior, exposed to the sun the whole year.


Irrigation

Abundant in summer and in moderation in winter. This tree doesn’t like pools and appreciates it if you pulverize the leaves with water (not hard water).


Fertilization

In spring and autumn.

Transplant

Every 3 or 5 years, at the beginning of spring.

Substratum

100% Akadama, or a mixture with 30% of volcanic earth.


Pruning and nipping

Pruning

From October to March.

Nipping

Throughout growing seasons, pinch tips of new shoots with fingers for compact shape, but not too hard at any one time as this encourages juvenile, needle-like growth.

Fencing

The whole year with preference from October to March


Curiosities

Of all the varieties of this species the Itoigawa is the most popular because of its small leaves of yellow-green brilliant colour and the hardness of its wood, which is very appropriate for the realization of jin-shari.


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Juniperus chinensis