Outdoor bonsai

These are trees that, by nature, must be placed outside, ideal for balconies, gardens and terraces

Fagus crenata

Family

Fagaceae

Origin

Temperate and cold regions of both hemispheres.

Etymology

From its ancient Greek name “fago, faghéin”: eat, for its edible seeds.

Fagus crenata

Characteristics

Marcescent deciduous tree (when leaves persist until new sprouting) with smooth silvery bark.


Place

Outdoor all year. In dry climates, shade in summer and ensure environmental humidity by spraying very pure water.


Irrigation

Abundant in summer, moderate in winter.


Fertilization

Spring and fall.

Transplant

Every 3 or 5 years, at the beginning of spring sprouting.

Substratum

100% Akadama, or mixed with a 20% of volcanic gravel.


Pruning and nipping

Pruning

In autumn, at the time when leaves change color, or at the beginning of spring, if it coincides with the transplant.

Nipping

To be done at the bud opening time, removing the tips with your fingers, leaving only the two incipient leaves, before they grow.
If not done so, when shoots have already grown up to 6 to 8 leaves, cut down to 2 leaves.

Fencing

Spring and fall.


Curiosities

The fruit, called beechnut or beechmast, is edible, it ripens in autumn. If the summer is dry, it will flower a lot the following year. Formerly, the pig herds that were rooted in the beech trees facilitated the germination of the beech seeds. The so called beech forests are formed solely by this species. In our country we can find beautiful beech forests in the province of Girona, near Olot, La Fageda d’en Jordá, and in Navarra, Selva de Irati, among others.


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Fagus crenata