Outdoor bonsai

These are trees that, by nature, must be placed outside, ideal for balconies, gardens and terraces

Ilex sp.

Family

Aquifoliaceae

Origin

China and Japan.

Etymology

The name comes from the one used by the Romans for the “Quercus Ilex” because they are very similar types of leaves of some species.

Ilex sp.

Characteristics

Evergreen tree. Very useful for the formation of hedges because after a drastic pruning it is very vigorous.


Location

Exterior the whole year at the sun.


Watering

Abundant in summer and moderated in winter.


Fertilization

In spring and autumn.

Re-potting

Every 2 years, at the beginning of spring.

Substrate

100% Akadama, or a mixture of Akadama with a 20% of volcanic earth.


Pruning and pinching

Pruning

The whole year round.

Pinching

Prune down to 2 leaves when the branch has developed about 6 to 8 leaves.

Wiring

In spring.


Curiosities

From his bark we obtain a tie used to hunt birds. With his branches water diviners make their sticks. There exists also a variety called Ilex microphylla whose leaves are really small (8-15 mm), which makes them ideal for mini bonsais.


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Ilex sp.