Small deciduous conifer. Slow to moderate growth. The grey-brown bark is very pretty and cracks with age. Very flexible, bright green leaves which turn a very attrative golden in autumn.
Outside in half shade or full sun.
Plentiful especially in summer. The ends of the leaves dry out very quickly when the tree suffers water shortages, particularly in full sun.
From spring to autumn, in summer you can keep on giving fertilizer but with less frequency, In general, every 20-30 days depending on the fertilizer.
Every 2-3 years, at the beginning of spring budding. In older specimens you can wait up to 5 years without transplanting.
Akadama 100% or mixed with 30% volcanic soil. You can use some peat as it prefers acid soils.
Pruning and pinching
Structural pruning is done in winter when the leaves have fallen as it is easier to work.
New shoots are cut back when they are still soft. You can also let them grow and in winter cut them back to the first of second bud.
End of summer and autumn
There are many varieties but the “nana” variety is used extensively in the bonsai world.