Mediterranean bonsai

These are typical Mediterranean trees, they live better outside because they need both the sun and the cold to produce fruit. Most are grown in our fields in Tarragona, the most representative are: olives, citrus and apple.

Crataegus sp.

Family

Rosaceae

Origin

Japan and Southeast of Asia

Etymology

From the greek “Kratos” for strength and “agein” for drive.

Crataegus sp.

Characteristics

Bush , little tree of pyramidal form. With small, deciduous leaves which make this tree ideal for a bonsai. Its flowers are white and its fruits are small and red.


Place

In Mediterranean climates the tree can be placed outside. In colder zones you have to protect it against freezing, especially smaller trees.


Irrigation

Abundant in summer and in moderation in winter. Maintain the ground humid.


Fertilization

In spring and autumn, not during flowering

Transplant

Every year, at the beginning of spring or autumn.

Substratum

100% Akadama, or a mixture of Akadama with 20% of volcanic earth.


Pruning and nipping

Pruning

At the beginning of flowering in spring

Nipping

Cut down to 2 leaves when the shoot has emitted about 6 to 8 leaves.

Fencing

During the whole year.


Curiosities

This tree is very resistant to violent wind and its flowers have a very pleasant odour.


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Crataegus sp.