Mediterranean bonsai

These are typical Mediterranean trees, they live better outside because they need both the sun and the cold to produce fruit. Most are grown in our fields in Tarragona, the most representatives are: olives, citrus and apple.

Rhamnus alaternus

Family

Ramnáceas

Origin

Perennial shrub or bush, characteristic of the Mediterranean region.

Rhamnus alaternus

Characteristics

The Mediterranean Buckthorn is a bush with very variable appearances, since it sometimes barely attains a span and other times reaches up to 8 meters high. Its greyish bark cracks with age. Its leathery leaves are dark green on the visible side and whitish on the underside. It blooms in spring and gives rise to fruits resembling red berries.


Location

Being a characteristic species of the Mediterranean area, place the bonsai outdoor or in semi-shaded places.


Watering

Shrub that needs a lot of humidity of its substrate, but that resists drought. We will water abundantly when we observe that the surface of the soil is dry.


Fertilization

From spring to mid-autumn with organic fertilizer or liquid NUTRIBONSAI from MISTRAL, applied every two weeks through irrigation water.

Re-potting

Every 2 or 3 years, in early spring, just a bit before the beginning of the annual budding. After transplanting it is convenient to water with a solution of VITABONSAI from Mistral Bonsai, to accelerate the recovery of the tree.

Substrate

A mixture of 6 parts of Akadama, with 4 parts of volcanic gravel can be used; otherwise Mistral Bonsai TERRABONSAI can also be used.


Pruning and pinching

Pruning

Pruning will be done in early spring.

Pinching

Throughout the growing season we can perform light pinching to get a denser crown.

Wiring

It is not a bonsai to which the wiring of its branches is practiced much. However, in case of doing so, it is advisable to do it before the sprouting.


Curiosities

This shrub is very suitable for hedgerows.
Its longevity is remarkable, since it can reach the hundred years.
The fruits are attributed laxative and astringent medicinal properties but, although they are very appreciated by birds, it is advisable to be very cautious because they are in fact slightly toxic for humans.


Share it!

Rhamnus alaternus