Mediterranean bonsai

These are typical Mediterranean trees, they live better outside because they need both the sun and the cold to produce fruit. Most are grown in our fields in Tarragona, the most representatives are: olives, citrus and apple.

Rosmarinus officinalis

Family

Lamiaceae

Origin

Its natural habitat is the Mediterranean region.

Etymology

From the Greek, Ros marinus, “marine dew”.

Rosmarinus officinalis

Characteristics

Aromatic, woody shrub, with small and very abundant evergreen leaves. The flowers are pale violet blue, pink or white, very aromatic, located at the top of the branches.


Place

Outdoor, in full sun throughout the year.


Irrigation

This type of bonsai is adapted to periods of drought and little water. Irrigation needs to be controlled because these bonsais could be damaged by an excess of water.


Fertilization

Spring and autumn. It is preferable to use organic fertilizers, favouring and protecting mycorrhizae.

Transplant

Every 2 to 3 years, in spring.

Substratum

A mixture of 6 parts of Akadama, with 4 parts of volcanic gravel can be used; otherwise Mistral Bonsai TERRABONSAI can also be used.
After transplanting it is convenient to water with a solution of VITABONSAI from Mistral Bonsai, to accelerate the recovery of the tree.


Pruning and nipping

Pruning

At the end of winter. Very sensitive to strong pruning, always leave some green branch.

Nipping

Throughout the growing season we can perform light pinching.

Fencing

Throughout the year, better in spring.


Curiosities

It is a medicinal and aromatic plant that can be used in many ways to maintain and restore health. In addition, it can be included as a spice in recipes for its gastronomic qualities.


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Rosmarinus officinalis