Mediterranean bonsai

These are typical Mediterranean trees, they live better outside because they need both the sun and the cold to produce fruit. Most are grown in our fields in Tarragona, the most representatives are: olives, citrus and apple.

Celtis sinensis

Family

Ulmaceae

Origin

China

Etymology

From the name Greeks gave to an unknown tree, then adopted by Linné for this genus.

Celtis sinensis

Characteristics

Deciduous tree with smooth bark; Appreciated for the coppery-orange color of its leaves when budding, turning yellow-gold in autumn.


Place

In Mediterranean climate areas, outside in full sun throughout the year. In colder areas, to be protected from frost.


Irrigation

Abundant in summer and moderate in winter.


Fertilization

In spring and autumn.

Transplant

Every 2 years, depending on the ripeness of the plant, when spring or autumn begins. Trim between one third and half of the roots, remove damaged and dead.

Substratum

100% Akadama, or mixed with a 20% of volcanic gravel.


Pruning and nipping

Pruning

At the beginning of spring sprouting.

Nipping

With the fingers, remove the tip of the emerging bud, leaving 2 leaves. If we had let the shoot grown up to 6 to 8 leaves, cut down to 2 leaves.

Fencing

Spring


Curiosities

We can apply the same cares to the native species of the Mediterranean area «Celtis australis», which produce an edible fruit of the size of a pea.
It was used in the past for the manufacture of tool handles and pitchforks. In the Botanical Garden of Madrid, we can find several notable centenary specimens, one of them called El Abuelo (The Grandpa) is almost 40 m high.


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Celtis sinensis