Mediterranean bonsai

These are typical Mediterranean trees, they live better outside because they need both the sun and the cold to produce fruit. Most are grown in our fields in Tarragona, the most representatives are: olives, citrus and apple.

Cercis siliquastrum

Family

Caesalpiniaceae

Origin

Europe (Eastern Mediterranean)

Etymology

The word “siliquastrum” refers to the siliques, due to the fruit it has.

Cercis siliquastrum

Characteristics

Deciduous tree characteristically kidney-shaped. Flexible branches that at the end of winter turn into an intense pink mass of high viscosity. The fruit is a hanging legume, pedunculated with one of the winged edges. Irregular trunk, usually twisted, with black bark that cracks as it gets older. It can reach 10 meters high.


Place

Outside, although it must be protected from frost.


Irrigation

Abundant in summer and moderate in winter.


Fertilization

In spring and autumn.

Transplant

Every 2 years, at the beginning of the spring sprouting.

Substratum

100% Akadama, or mixed with a 20% of volcanic gravel.


Pruning and nipping

Pruning

At the beginning of spring sprouting.

Nipping

When the branch has grown to 6 to 8 leaves, cut down to 2 leaves. The defoliation can be total or partial.

Fencing

Spring.


Curiosities

According to popular belief, Judas Iscariot hanged himself on a tree of love and that is why that tree has grown curved until today. The tree of love is perhaps the most beautiful of our trees when blooming.


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Cercis siliquastrum