Mediterranean bonsai

These are typical Mediterranean trees, they live better outside because they need both the sun and the cold to produce fruit. Most are grown in our fields in Tarragona, the most representatives are: olives, citrus and apple.

Rhaphiolepsis indica

Family

Rosaceae

Origin

East Asia (South of China)

Rhaphiolepsis indica

Characteristics

Shrub or small tree that rarely reaches four meters high. The purple-brown branches, when young, turn greyish in their old age. Its dark green leaves are leathery. It blooms in spring and presents an inflorescence in panicle that gives rise to fruits when ripe.


Place

Being a characteristic species of the Mediterranean area, place the bonsai outdoor or in semi-shaded places.


Irrigation

Shrub that needs a lot of humidity of its substrate, but that resists drought. We will water abundantly when we observe that the surface of the soil is dry.


Fertilization

From spring to mid-autumn with organic fertilizer or liquid NUTRIBONSAI from MISTRAL, applied every two weeks through irrigation water.

Transplant

Every 2 or 3 years, in early spring, just a bit before the beginning of the annual budding. After transplanting it is convenient to water with a solution of VITABONSAI from Mistral Bonsai, to accelerate the recovery of the tree.

Substratum

A mixture of 6 parts of Akadama, with 4 parts of volcanic gravel can be used; otherwise Mistral Bonsai TERRABONSAI can also be used.


Pruning and nipping

Pruning

Pruning will be done in early spring.

Nipping

Throughout the growing season we can perform light pinching to get a denser crown.

Fencing

It is not a bonsai to which the wiring of its branches is practiced much. However, in case of doing so, it is advisable to do it before the sprouting.


Curiosities

Its brown wood was used as a yellow dye for wool. It has traditional medicine properties, as a purgative and styptic.


Share it!

Rhaphiolepsis indica