Mediterranean bonsai

These are typical Mediterranean trees, they live better outside because they need both the sun and the cold to produce fruit. Most are grown in our fields in Tarragona, the most representatives are: olives, citrus and apple.

Rhaphiolepsis indica




East Asia (South of China)

Rhaphiolepsis indica


Shrub or small tree that rarely reaches four meters high. The purple-brown branches, when young, turn greyish in their old age. Its dark green leaves are leathery. It blooms in spring and presents an inflorescence in panicle that gives rise to fruits when ripe.


Being a characteristic species of the Mediterranean area, place the bonsai outdoor or in semi-shaded places.


Shrub that needs a lot of humidity of its substrate, but that resists drought. We will water abundantly when we observe that the surface of the soil is dry.


From spring to mid-autumn with organic fertilizer or liquid NUTRIBONSAI from MISTRAL, applied every two weeks through irrigation water.


Every 2 or 3 years, in early spring, just a bit before the beginning of the annual budding. After transplanting it is convenient to water with a solution of VITABONSAI from Mistral Bonsai, to accelerate the recovery of the tree.


A mixture of 6 parts of Akadama, with 4 parts of volcanic gravel can be used; otherwise Mistral Bonsai TERRABONSAI can also be used.

Pruning and pinching


Pruning will be done in early spring.


Throughout the growing season we can perform light pinching to get a denser crown.


It is not a bonsai to which the wiring of its branches is practiced much. However, in case of doing so, it is advisable to do it before the sprouting.


Its brown wood was used as a yellow dye for wool. It has traditional medicine properties, as a purgative and styptic.

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Rhaphiolepsis indica

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