Mediterranean bonsai

These are typical Mediterranean trees, they live better outside because they need both the sun and the cold to produce fruit. Most are grown in our fields in Tarragona, the most representative are: olives, citrus and apple.

Eugenia uniflora

Family

Eugenia

Origin

Brazil

Eugenia uniflora

Characteristics

Evergreen tropical bush. Valued for its brilliant red-copper coloured leaves during flowering and its bark which flakes off.


Place

In a Mediterranean climate outside during the summer. The rest of the year protect against cold. In colder zones the whole year in a greenhouse.


Irrigation

Abundant in summer and moderate in winter.


Fertilization

From spring to autumn.

Transplant

Every 2 or 3 years, in spring.

Substratum

100% Akadama, or a mixture of Akadama with 20% of volcanic earth.


Pruning and nipping

Pruning

At the beginning of spring.

Nipping

Pinch when the branch has developed about 6 to 8 pairs of leaves, cutting the leaves at the top and leaving only two pairs.

Fencing

In spring and summer.


Curiosities

In its zone of origin it produces an edible fruit whose taste is very similar to that of cherries. It is related to myrtle because of the odour of its leaves and its stem.


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Eugenia uniflora