Mediterranean bonsai

These are typical Mediterranean trees, they live better outside because they need both the sun and the cold to produce fruit. Most are grown in our fields in Tarragona, the most representatives are: olives, citrus and apple.

Crataegus sp.

Family

Rosaceae

Origin

Japan and Southeast of Asia

Etymology

Hawthorn. From the greek “Kratos” for strength and “agein” for drive.

Crataegus sp.

Characteristics

Bush , little tree of pyramidal form. With small, deciduous leaves which make this tree ideal for a bonsai. Its flowers are white and its fruits are small and red.


Location

In Mediterranean climates the tree can be placed outside. In colder zones you have to protect it against freezing, especially smaller trees.


Watering

Abundant in summer and in moderation in winter. Maintain the ground humid.


Fertilization

In spring and autumn, not during flowering

Re-potting

Every year, at the beginning of spring or autumn.

Substrate

100% Akadama, or a mixture of Akadama with 20% of volcanic earth.


Pruning and pinching

Pruning

At the beginning of flowering in spring

Pinching

Cut down to 2 leaves when the shoot has emitted about 6 to 8 leaves.

Wiring

During the whole year.


Curiosities

This tree is very resistant to violent wind and its flowers have a very pleasant odour.


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Crataegus sp.