Mediterranean bonsai

These are typical Mediterranean trees, they live better outside because they need both the sun and the cold to produce fruit. Most are grown in our fields in Tarragona, the most representatives are: olives, citrus and apple.

Olea europaea sylvestris

Family

Oleaceae

Origin

Tree native to the Mediterranean coast.

Olea europaea sylvestris

Characteristics

It is a wild olive tree with a bushy style. The leaves and fruits are smaller than in cultivated olive trees. The rough look of its bark accentuates its old age appearance, making it a very interesting species to be grown as bonsai.


Place

In a Mediterranean climate area, outdoor, in full sun all year. Outside its natural climatic zone, it is advisable to protect it from extreme cold and especially from frost (below zero temperatures for more than 24 hours.)


Irrigation

It is important to control irrigation well, and avoid excessive waterlogging.
A low and controlled irrigation, allowing the surface layer of the substrate to dry between watering.


Fertilization

From spring to mid-autumn with organic fertilizer or liquid NUTRIBONSAI from Mistral Bonsai, applied every two weeks through irrigation water.

Transplant

It must be taken into account that olive trees grow very slowly; Thus, their roots mass also develop little by little. If the fertilizer and the substrate are adequate, the tree will not need to be transplanted until passed 3 to 5 years.

Substratum

Mistral Bonsai TERRABONSAI.
After transplanting it is convenient to water with a solution of VITABONSAI from Mistral Bonsai, to accelerate the recovery of the tree.


Pruning and nipping

Pruning

During the month of March.

Nipping

From April to October, when the shoot reach 7 to 8 pairs of leaves, we will pinch to obtain 2 to 3 pairs of leaves.

Fencing

It can be wired throughout the year, with aluminium wire.


Curiosities

Lately, the wild olive tree appears as one of the species of more interest for the reforesta-tion of Mediterranean forests; due to its great resistance to drought and soil salinity, and to its rusticity in general.


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Olea europaea sylvestris