Mediterranean bonsai

These are typical Mediterranean trees, they live better outside because they need both the sun and the cold to produce fruit. Most are grown in our fields in Tarragona, the most representative are: olives, citrus and apple.

Morus nigra

Family

Moraceae

Origin

East of Asia (Persia)

Etymology

From Celtic “mor”, black because of the colour of its fruit.

Morus nigra

Characteristics

Deciduous tree valued for its edible fruits, at the beginning red and then black as it ripens and also because of its gold-yellow leaves in autumn.


Place

Very rustic: outside the whole year.


Irrigation

Abundant in summer and moderate in winter.


Fertilization

In spring and in autumn.

Transplant

Every 2 years, at the beginning of the sprouting in spring.

Substratum

100% Akadama, or a mixture of Akadama with 20% of volcanic earth.


Pruning and nipping

Pruning

At the beginning of spring.

Nipping

During the whole growing season , cut the 2 leaves at the points of the branches when they have 6 to 8 leaves.

Fencing

In spring and autumn.


Curiosities

Silkworms feed on the leaves of this tree, especially the M. alba variety. It’s a much liked to provide shade.


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Morus nigra